Ebola Virus: Carriers, Symptoms, Treatment

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Ebola is a rare, but life-threatening virus that leads to internal and external bleeding. As it spreads through the body, it damages a patient’s organs and immune system. As it develops, it causes the reduction of blood-clotting cells, and later results in uncontrollable bleeding. The disease, also called the Ebola haemorrhagic fever, has a 90% fatality rate for those infected with the virus.

Causes

Ebola is not as contagious as viruses that lead to colds, measles or influenza. Infection occurs when a person makes contact with the bodily fluids or secretions, or skin of an infected animal such as monkeys, chimpanzees, gorillas, porcupines, forest antelopes and bats.

The virus spreads from one person to another through contact with skin and fluids of an infected individual. Those who take care of an infected patient or bury someone who died from the illness are likely to contract the virus as well. The sharing and use of contaminated surfaces or needles will also lead to the spread the virus.

A person does not get Ebola through the air; you cannot get the virus by breathing the same air as an infected patient.

Symptoms

According to the World Health Organization, the symptoms and signs of Ebola infection may appear between two to 21 days after infection. However, an infected person may begin to display indicators somewhere between eight to ten days.

The symptoms of the deadly virus are similar to other viruses, making it difficult to identify. Some of the symptoms of Ebola infection are:

 

  1. A fever higher than 101.5 degrees Fahrenheit
  2. Muscle aches and pain
  3. Severe headache
  4. Diarrhea
  5. Weakness
  6. Vomiting
  7. Abdominal aches

Some infected persons bleed from the mouth and nose; this is known as haemorrhagic syndrome and normally takes place during the late stages of the illness. The virus results in haemorrhages in approximately 30% to 50% of patients.

When a patient reaches the advanced stages of the virus, they will have rashes and display signs of impaired liver and kidney function, such as blood in the feces.

Treatment

There is no known cure for the deadly Ebola virus, nor are there vaccines that prevent the onset of the illness. Those who make a full recovery do so through their immune system’s strength. Doctors discovered that one of the best ways to help patients is to keep them hydrated and breathing to give them a higher chance of surviving.

Certain experimental treatments for the disease include ZMapp and the oral drug Brincidofovir. The former has three monoclonal antibodies that bind to the virus, enabling the body to clear Ebola out, while the latter prevents the virus from replicating.
When you see wildlife life in your area that are potential carriers of this disease, it is best to call Ottawa wildlife control professionals. Companies such as Skedaddle Humane Wildlife Control Ottawa can help safely and effectively remove wildlife disease carriers such as bats and others from your property.

 

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