bat exclusion

DIY Bat Exclusion Device

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Let’s be honest, none of us would be happy about the idea of bats living under our roof except if it was Batman, of course! Just like us, even bats find buildings more attractive than trees or caves because they not only get shelter but also security. So, if left unchecked, this small issue can get out of hand and turn into a major problem. You could find a handful of bat colonies in your attic, so with a few tips and tricks you can make your home bat proof.

Bat exclusion can be time consuming, complex and may require the help of an expert, but if you believe you can do the job yourself, then there are variety of bat exclusion devices that are available for you. Do not try to quick fix the problem by using bright lights, mothballs or noise which may prove ineffective for stubborn bats. It does not matter what type of devices you choose, as long as you understand the use and installation technique.

You can start by standing outside of your house at dusk to observe where the bats are getting in. Once you locate the area they are living in your home you can begin to seal off any holes or gaps they aren’t currently being used.  You don’t want to block off the main entry point as it is  inhumane, illegal and dangerous to trap bats inside your house. Find out all the information you can on what type of bat you are dealing  with and details like their size, behaviours and birthing seasons to perform a proper bat exclusion.

Some of the Bat exclusion device options:

  • Window screen – You have to ensure that you install the screen in such a way that it leaves a small  gap for bats to move out but not come back in. Also, keep in mind that bats may not use the exit point if they find it obstructive. So be very careful.
  • Funnels – If you have identified small holes that are being used by bats for entry and exit, then a funnel can be of help. You may create a funnel out of a bottle (cut open both the ends) or even buy it in a store. You may also find special funnels called Batcones and they are available online.
  • Bat netting – You can find good poly netting in a wildlife control supply store online that can be used to create valves and remove bats from structures. It is usually stiffer than a window screen and not easily ripped.

It is advisable to install these devices at night because bats are nocturnal and you can be sure that most are out of your home. Ensure that you have bought or made enough devices to cover every possible area. After you have installed these devices, you will have to monitor them for a few days to ensure that each and every bat has left. If you still find some of them left behind, then it’s possible that you have either missed an entry point or the device wasn’t installed properly. Unfortunately you may have to start from scratch and re-install the devices.

As you can see this is not an easy process and can be very time consuming.  We all don’t have the extra time to spend on effective bat exclusion but the good news is there are always professionals like Skedaddle Humane Wildlife Control you can call. These are experts in effective and humane wildlife control and you can be confident they will get the job done properly and prevent any future infestations in your home.

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What You Need to Know About the Brown Bat

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Bats are actually very docile creatures despite the many misleading myths about them. These animals play big roles in the balance of our ecosystem, and they do much more than just scaring people at night (although that’s not really their intention!) Bats are nocturnal animals and play vital roles in pollination and propagating fruit trees, as well as controlling pests.

You may think that bats belong to just one species. The truth is, there are over a thousand bat species, and each of these species are unique in their own way. One of the most adorable bat species are the brown bats. Sadly, the population of these bats have been shrinking since 2010, because of a disease in the northeast of USA and Canada called white nose syndrome, which has killed and will continue to kill millions of bats.

There are two varieties of brown bats, the little and the big ones. The small ones grow wingspans that are about 8 to 11 inches, and they only weigh less than half an ounce. They live in colonies and roost together as all other bats do, but they are not the territorial kind.

Big brown bats can weigh from half to 1.2 ounces. They can grow and have wingspans ranging from 12 to 16 inches. They are reported to be fast fliers which can reach up to 40 miles per hour.

Brown bats choose den sites that have stable temperatures and roost in colonies. These animals hibernate for most of the year, and their hibernacula, a place where they roost during winter months, should provide them warmth and protection from the cold while they hibernate. This could include caves, and probably your attic or walls.

Yes, these poor animals may even be in your attic right now, as it presents itself as a suitable alternative to their wild hibernacula. Bats can creep into your attics through just a dime-sized hole, and since they don’t roost alone, they bring their families and colonies with them. Imagine that number of bats living in there, and the amount of droppings they can make. Also, some bats could catch rabies, and if one gets infected, the whole colony and even you and your own family, could be in grave danger.

Since we don’t want any of these bats to lose their lives through extermination, bat exclusion is the only option you can trust. This way, exclusion experts like the trained professionals at Skedaddle Humane Wildlife Control will move the entire colony out of your home and back into where they naturally belong– the wild. You, your family, and your home aren’t the only ones saved, but also our dear nocturnal friends, the brown bats.

Why Do Bats Inhabit Homes?

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Bats belong to the order of Chiroptera and are the only mammals who have the ability of true flight. Bats are nocturnal animals and almost a quarter of the whole mammal species belong to bats. Disregarding the fact that bats are one the most misunderstood animals since they have been linked with the dark since ancient times, bats are actually docile animals. They forage for food at night, and no, they don’t hunt for blood (except maybe the two or three vampire bat species). Most bats feed on fruit, insects and nectar.

Bats belong in the wild and often to live in homes, caves and abandoned mines in large numbers.  They live for a fairly long amount of time, which is about 40 years depending on the species. The majority of bats do not rely on eyesight while hunting for food. They rely on echolocation, which makes use of the sound waves they create while flying bouncing from one object to another to navigate easily through the dark. Indeed, bats are amazing animals, but that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t be bothered if you have bats infesting your house.

What belongs in the wild should be kept in the wild, or problems will occur. While bats are naturally not aggressive animals, it is still disturbing to have them hanging in your attics or basements. Bats live with their families or colonies,  so they don’t arrive in homes as individuals. They take their whole kin with them. It isn’t a very good sight to see a swarm of black animals hanging around your house.

So now you may ask, if they belong in the wild, why do they seek refuge in people’s homes instead of trees and caves in the nearby woods.

Bats prefer warm areas and human houses that provide shelter and warmth. They also love closed spaces which are rarely used, such as attics and wall cavities, because they serve as an ideal protected environment where they can raise their young. Bats are quiet animals and are active at night so colonies are able to grow quickly without homeowners being aware.

Nevertheless, they should not be encouraged to stay in your house. They can cause problems and expose you to health risks  such as rabies and histoplasmosis. While we mentioned that they are not naturally aggressive, be wary because wild animals are called wild animals for a reason: they can act unpredictably when faced with threatening situations. It would be your wisest choice to leave that DIY animal control idea off your mind and call for animal control experts like Skedaddle’s trained professionals who can provide bat exclusion services.
Bat exclusion is the best answer to your bat infestation problems since it is a long term solution. In Canada, bats are protected by the government because of the significant role they play in maintaining the balance of the ecosystem. Identifying their entry points and removing them without locking any adults or babies inside takes practice and expertise.

 

How Fast Do Bats Multiply

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Bats are nocturnal animals that may infest your home, if they think your property is suitable for a den. Understanding their mating and reproduction habits will prevent them from breeding in your attic, roof or the spaces between walls.

Animal control experts agree that bats may multiply quickly, if they infest your home in pairs. Once you see a couple flying out or around your property at night, chances are they already have offspring and may grow their colony.

Brown Bat Mating Season and Reproduction

In most of Canada, brown bats mate in two phases, passive and active. In the latter phase, both partners are alert and fully awake. In their passive phase, active males will try to mate with drowsy bats regardless of gender. The active mating phase is more common because these are times when testosterone are at peak levels. Active mating reaches its highest in August, while passive mating lasts until winter.

When mating, males mount the female from the rear and sometimes use a copulation call to calm her so that there is no struggle. Bats will mate promiscuously, neither male or female bats are selective of their potential mate, and males cannot monopolize females even when they are in torpid.

In spring, females live in nursery colonies which may likely be the same place where they were born. These comprise mainly of adult female bats with their babies; they may also roost in attics of warm homes or buildings because of their humidity. These colonies may reach thousands per forest or cave. Gestation may last 50 to 60 days; females have one baby per year or twins, from late May to early June.

The young enter an altricial state when born, they keep their eyes closed and will hang in their nursery while their mothers look for food at night. They only open their eyes on the second day and cling to a nipple until they reach two weeks old. After three weeks, they start flying and by the fourth week, they reach adult size.

Females mature sexually in the fall after their birth, while males may take a year; most male bats and approximately half of females start breeding during their first autumn.

Problems Caused

When you fail to get bat exclusion services after you discover an infestation, you will have to deal with the foul smell of urine and guano. Bats are also carriers of the rabies virus, which it can transmit to you through its bite. These animals also bring all sorts of bacteria and insects that may cause harmful diseases.

Bats may also damage drywall, insulation and electrical wiring. The damage may affect the energy consumption of your home, leading to a higher energy and repair bill. With the help of an animal control expert, you can prevent infestation or remove the bats already in your attic or other parts of your house.

Removers will use humane and proven techniques to remove bats in various parts of your house. Some will also remove the guano and urine left behind by these animals. They will deodorize the area and clean up the mess to prevent a re-infestation.

Bats and Blood

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Vampires and bats have been long associated with one another. They are portrayed in many films and the single characteristic that these bats usually inflict on humans is fear. They are hyped to suck on human blood and this is what makes us loathe them.

This couldn’t be farther from the truth. Bats are second largest in terms of mammal population next to rodents, and they can be found in every single corner of the planet except Antarctica. There are more than 1,000 species of bats and out of this number, there are only three bats that are known to consume blood as part of their diet. This trait is called hematophagy.

The three species of vampire bats are Desmodus rotundus, Diphylla ecaudata and Diaemus youngi. They are known to strike any warm-blooded animal (and yes, including humans) at night.

However, these vampire bats do not usually inhabit Canada. They are found mostly in Mexico, Argentina, Chile and Brazil. The ones that lurk the nights here in Mississauga are little brown bats and big brown bats.

Little brown and big brown bats are insectivores; so more than fearing these little flying critters, they actually help us remove millions of insects that can cause damage to our crops. However, this is not to say that we keep these bats as pets. In a domestic household, bats can still pose a health risk to you and  your children.

Little brown and big brown bats roosting in your property is still a problem. They carry diseases and infections that can be passed on to humans such as histoplasmosis and rabies. Histoplasmosis is an infection that you can acquire from bat and bird droppings resulting to some respiratory problems.  Rabies, on the other hand, can be acquired when you have been bitten by infected bats and can be fatal if left untreated.

It is best to assume that any wild animal inside your home needs to be removed for safety and health purposes. In this case, it is best to employ bat exclusion methods to keep them in the wild where they belong.

Bat exclusion is the process of sealing off your house from bat invaders to prevent them from roosting in your attic or any dark places of your house. Many homeowners do not have the experience in searching for bat entries so doing it yourself may not be a wise idea.

When you face a bat infestation in your household, it is best to call humane wildlife control services like Skedaddle Mississauga. Skedaddle Wildlife Technicians are trained to remove these flying critters humanely and do exclusion works to keep these bats from coming back.
The process of exclusion will not only keep these bats away from your home. It will also prevent other nuisance wildlife that may see your property as their alternative habitat from accessing your home. Exclusion is the most proactive and humane wildlife control solution because you prevent wildlife infestation before it even happens.

10 Things You Need To Know About Bats

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Known as the only mammal that can fly, bats are creatures scattered abundantly all over the world. These winged animals belong to the Order Chiroptera derived from the Greek word, which roughly translates to “winged hands.” Their wings are made of thin skin that is stretched between their elongated finger bones and also connects to their legs.

More than this distinctive feature, there are many amusing things to know about bats. Here’s our awesome list:

  1. The world’s smallest mammal (in terms of length) is a bat.  The Kitti’s hog-nosed bat or otherwise known as the bumblebee bat with the scientific name Craseonycteris thonglongyai is an endangered specie that has been inhabiting Thailand and some parts of Burma. The bumblebee bat measures around 1 to 1.3 inches in length, quite similar to the size of a bumblebee. Another small bat specie can be found in Eastern Americas and Canada – the Eastern Pipistrelle or more recently called as the tricolored bat (Perimyotis subflavus). The Eastern Pipistrelle can grow up to only 3.5 inches.
  2. Bat population is second largest in Class Mammalia, next to rodents. Because of this, they occupy all parts of the world except Antarctica. It is therefore not strange to see bats lurking around your area once in awhile. In Canada, the most common bat that people encounter is the little brown bat and the big brown bat. They can be found roosting on trees in the morning and hunting for insects at night.
  3. Baby bats get milk from their mothers. Like other mammals, young bats nurse from their mothers. However, these pups or baby bats can fend for themselves after approximately two months.
  4. Contrary to popular belief, not all bats are bloodsuckers. Out of more than 1,000 species of bats, only three consume blood as their diet.
  5. Bat feces or guano is used as a fertilizer.  These droppings contain high levels of phosphate, potassium and nitrogen. These are essential for growing plants and many farmers have benefited from these excretes.
  6. Almost 70% of bats help the ecosystem by feeding on insects. Bats consume an amazing amount of insects in a year – millions, in fact. This characteristic helps farmers keep their crops healthy and pest-free. Canada’s most common little brown bat, for example, feeds on a wide range of diet consisting of wasps, mosquitoes, moths, gnats and beetles, among others.
  7. In general, female bats produce only one offspring at a time. And no, these pups do not come from eggs. As mentioned previously, bats are mammals, like humans so they give birth to live young bats called pups. Occasionally, a mother bat can also give birth to multiples such as twins.
  8. Most bats use echolocation to find their food and to find their way about but most bats have good vision.  Bats are further divided into two suborders – microchiropterans and megachiropterans. Microchiropterans use echolocation by emitting very high-pitched sounds telling them of obstacles along the way. Megachiropterans on the other hand, have larger eyes which they use to search for food and to roam around.
  9. It is illegal to kill bats and bat colonies. Because of their role in maintaining the balance of the ecosystem, bats are protected species.
  10. Bats occasionally find their way into human homes because we have also invaded their natural habitat. Bats used to live in caves but because of modernization and urbanization, we have encroached in territories that were once unperturbed. Your attic can serve as a good alternative for roosting and this is where they come in conflict with humans.

Because of the important role that bats play, it is important that we help in their conservation. Without bats, we will be infested by millions and millions of insects that can damage crops and affect our food supply.

If you are in the Mississauga area and are encountering bat problems, the best way to go for animal control is to leave it to the hands of wildlife professionals who know best how to handle their removal in the most effective yet humane method. Do-it-yourself methods may not always work and you expose yourself to a long list of potential health risk. There are several steps to remove bats from your home and without the technical knowledge, you may not be able to find the bat entry points on your own.

Call Skedaddle Mississauga and let their Wildlife Technicians discuss in detail the process of removing these critters from your home and consequently, bat exclusion.

Sealing your home from these nocturnal creatures through bat exclusion is the most humane way to go. You are not only keeping your family safe from health risk by keeping them out of your house, you also allow them to continue to perform their role in maintaining the balance of our environment.

Seeking Help from Experts in Animal Control for Wildlife Displacement

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“While dogs are often regarded as man’s best friend, the same can not be said for all animals, as many are regarded as nuicances. Not everybody loves animals, especially critters that gain entry to a home without invitation, and damage appliances and other valuable property. Such a situation often occurs in suburban homes as feral animals perceive them to be safe from predators, and often laden with food.

Residents of Toronto, Canada seem to be more tolerant of urban wildlife. In an article by Leslie Scrivener for TheStar.com, the idea of peacefully co-existing with foxes, deer, and other woodland creatures is slowly becoming accepted by the community. Those who still don’t want anything to do with animals can maintain their stance; however, they should keep unwelcome creatures out of their homes and lives only with humane and reliable animal control for wildlife.”
http://www.skedaddlewildlife.com/seeking-help-from-experts-in-animal-control-for-wildlife-displacement/